enes Call to us +511 982 558 918 janet@peruvacacional.com

14 Peru Facts that you need to know

1. Surface area – Peru

With an area of 1,285,215 square km, Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world’s 20 largest nations. Peru also holds sway over the sea up to 200 miles from the Peruvian coast and has territorial rights to an area of 60 million hectares in the Antarctic. Peru is divided into 24 departments, plus the Constitutional Province of Callao. Lima is the capital of Peru.

2. Population – Peru

25.662.000 inhabitants
– Urban: 72,3 %
– Rural: 27,7 %

Peru is a nation of mixed ethnic origins. Throughout its history, Peru has been the meeting ground for different nations and cultures. The indigenous population was joined 500 years ago by the Spaniards.
As a result of this encounter, and later enriched by the migration of African blacks, Asians and Europeans, Peruvian man emerged as the representative of a nation whose rich ethnic mix is one of its leading characteristics.

3. Language – Peru

Oficcial languages:
1. Spanish: 80,3%
2. Quechua: 16,2%
3. Other languages: 3,0%
4. Foreign languages: 0,2%

As part of its rich cultural tradition, Peru features many different languages. Although Spanish is commonly spoken across the country, Quechua is a major legacy of the Inca empire, and is still spoken with regional dialects in many parts of Peru.
In addition, other languages are spoken such as Aymara (in Puno) and a startling variety of dialects in the Amazon jungle, which are divided up into 15 linguistic families and 38 different languages.

4. Currency – Peru

The official currency in Peru is the Nuevo Sol (S/.), which is divided into 100 centimos. The currency includes coins for 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimos and 1, 2 and 5 sol coins. There are bills in the denomination of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 soles.

5. Government – Peru

Peru is a democratic republic. The president and members of Congress are elected every five years by universal suffrage. The current constitutional president of Peru is Alan Garcia Perez (2006-2011).

6. Religion – Peru

Roman Catholic: 89%
Evangelical: 7%
Other religions: 4%

Peru is a naturally religious country: a diversity of beliefs and freedom of worship can be seen from the wide range of festivals and rituals that feature both Catholic fervor and the mysticism of age-old pre-Hispanic cultures.

* If you need any further information about Peru, do not hesitate to contact us.

7. Security – Peru

1. Take normal precautions against pickpockets

2. Carry a copy of identification documents. Keep originals and your valuables in the safety deposit box of your hotel and make sure to list down what you deposit and verify the responsibility assumed by the establishment.

3. Carry valuables discreetly. Do not carry large amounts of cash. Keep an eye on your bags and luggage.

4. Do not carry suitcases, bags or sac packs on your back.

5. Do not exchange money out in the street.

6. Do not walk around late at night through areas with poor lighting or without a companion

8. Telephone – Peru

1. International and long distance national calls can be made from public pay phones. Country and city codes are normally shown in the telephone booths.

2. To make an international call, dial: 00 + country code + city code + telephone number.

3. To call from one city to the next, dial: 0 + city code + telephone number.

4. Public phones take coins as well as cards, which are sold in stands and supermarkets. Make sure you are buying the card corresponding to the telephone company of the phone you want to use. No collect calls can be made from pay phones.

5. To obtain telephone information, dial 103 (service is in Spanish)

9. Internet – Peru

1. The main cities in the country do have public Internet booths.

2. The average cost per hour is US$ 1,3.

10. Health Matters – Peru

1. Only drink bottled or previously boiled water.

2. Be careful with raw vegetables and fruits.

3. Avoid eating from street vendors.

4. Rest on the first day of your arrival to the Highlands, and consume light meals to prevent altitude illness (soroche). Drinking “coca tea” is recommended.

5. If you travel to the Highlands or to the Jungle, make sure to carry insect repellent and a raincoat.

6. To obtain medical services, contact the staff of your hotel or travel agent.

7. If you wish to take travelers’ insurance, contact your favorite travel agency.

11. Banks – Peru

Banking hours in Peru are normally from Monday to Friday, from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. In addition, most banks open for the public half day on Saturdays. In the streets of the main cities there are teller machines installed by the different banks.

12. Money Exchange – Peru

It is recommended that money should be exchanged in hotels, banks and authorized money exchange offices (Service hours: 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m., approximately). The exchange rate against the US Dollar is variable. Inquire before changing your money. For exchanging other currencies inquiry at money exchange offices

13. Nightlife – Peru

Most of the cities of Peru have a wide variety of night life entertainment. Information about places of interest can be obtained where you are staying. If you wish to enjoy typical Peruvian music, you can visit the so-called “peñas”.
In Lima, the most popular discotheques, pubs and night clubs are in the Districts of Miraflores, San Isidro and Barranco. In other cities they are normally found in city centers (main square and vicinity).

14. Food and Beverage – Peru

Peruvian cuisine offers a great variety of dishes typical of the Coast, the Highlands and the Jungle. Always first ask about their ingredients, since some dishes can contain hot pepper or be highly spiced. You will also find establishments where international food is prepared. As far as drinks are concerned, try the very Peruvian Pisco (grape brandy) in any of its various recipes, as well as “chicha morada” (purple corn juice) “chicha de jora” (fermented red or yellow corn juice)and agüaje juice, made from a tropical Jungle fruit.

* If you need any further information about Peru, do not hesitate to contact us.

Leave a Reply

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

Peru Vacacional will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.